The University of Iowa has been one of collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise. The University and the Carver College of Medicine are highly supportive of multidisciplinary research. This is evidenced by the University's continuing commitment to support state-of-the-art core facilities, upgrade existing research space, and construct new clinical, research and education facilities. The following section describes the facilities, research cores and research centers, with particular emphasis on how they apply to this Center. The achievements, funding levels and sources of support for research faculty, as well as training programs, are also highlighted. For additional information visit the renowned Iowa Virtual Hospital.
University of Iowa Health Science Campus
1. The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, the largest University-owned teaching hospital in the country, is a highly specialized referral center serving patients from the entire nation. The facility is consistently ranked as one of the elite hospitals in the nation, (13th in 1997 by U.S. News and World Report), with nine specialties, including the treatment of Pulmonary disease, ranked within the top 20 among U.S. hospitals. Since the early 1970's, University Hospitals has benefited from a comprehensive capital replacement program for the construction of new facilities, with total expenditures in excess of $500 million dollars. Undertaken in response to a charge from the State Department of Health to replace antiquated facilities, the phased program has produced contemporary accommodations for Iowa's comprehensive tertiary level teaching hospital, which serves a region encompassing some four million people in Iowa, Southwest Wisconsin, Northwest Illinois, and Northeast Missouri. The building program has included construction of the Boyd Tower (1976), the Roy J. Carver Pavilion (1981), the Colloton Pavilion (1990), and the John Pappajohn Pavilion (1994), which houses a new psychiatric hospital and a new Cancer Center. Finally, the Pomerantz Family Pavilion, housing new ambulatory care facilities and the Eye Institute, was completed in 1996-7. Fulfillment of this ambitious project has permitted the consolidation of essentially all clinical activities into a single, modern hospital building.
2. Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center
The Iowa City Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) is a comprehensive tertiary health care center, teaching hospital, and research facility adjacent to the UIHC complex. The VAMC is staffed by College of Medicine faculty and researchers, and delivers health care to an area comprising more than 230,000 veterans. Patients at the VAMC are often enrolled in UICC protocols. The VAMC has a very active research program, with approximately 10,000 square feet of laboratory space. The Iowa City VAMC Research and Development Service has produced the largest number of career development research investigators in the VA system. The Iowa City facility houses 72 VAMC-funded investigators, including 12 with Career Development Awards at four levels. $35 million dollars in research funds have been awarded to VA-associated-investigators since 1983.
3. Bowen Science Building
The Bowen Science Building was completed in 1972 with 120,264 square feet of research area. The building provides laboratory facilities and teaching space for most of the basic science investigators in the College of Medicine, housing the departments of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Biochemistry and Physiology and Biophysics. To enrich the existing research facilities, the College of Medicine committed $9 million for renovations to the Bowen Science Building to provide modern, communicating laboratories. These renovations were designed to facilitate collaboration among researchers and the sharing of equipment and are now near completion in all departments.
4. The Medical Laboratories Medical Research Center
The Medical Laboratories houses many of the research laboratories of the clinical departments, one section of the animal quarters, and the machine shop. The College of Medicine has made a major commitment to programs in molecular medicine. As part of this commitment, two floors of the Northeast wing, comprising 7,500 square feet, are currently undergoing complete renovation a cost of almost $3 million. The Medical Research Center, with about 100,000 square feet of laboratory space, physically connects the Medical Laboratories Building and University Hospitals. Two floors added to the building in 1982 at a cost of about $1 million, house the Cardiovascular Center.
5. Eckstein Medical Research Building
The Eckstein Medical Research Building, a modern research building with 52,675 square feet of laboratories completed in 1988 to accommodate expanding research space requirements, is connected to the adjacent Medical Laboratories and Bowen Science Buildings. The facility provides research space for three Howard Hughes Foundation-supported faculty of the College of Medicine. Another major priority in the assignment of laboratories is to promote and support new interdisciplinary programs. This building also houses several key core facilities supported by the College of Medicine and the Vice-President for Research, including the Gene Transfer Vector Core, the Image Analysis Laboratory, the Central Microscopy Research Facility, the Electron Spin Resonance Core, the DNA Core, and the Cell Sorting Core (see below).
6. College of Medicine Biomedical Education and Research Building
The New Biomedical Education and Research Building, which is destined to be a showcase of the new health science campus, provides a focal point for the education and research programs of the University of Iowa College of Medicine. The building provides 160,000 net square feet; 100,000 for research and animal facilities, and 60,000 for education, upon its completion in 2001. It is being built with $27 million in state and $20 million in private funds, and is connected to the existing Eckstein Medical Research Building.
7. Oakdale Research Park
The Oakdale campus of the University of Iowa is located 6 miles west of the Medical Center and is served by frequent shuttle service as well as a dedicated limousine/courier service. In 1991, the University built a new research building with 15,000 square feet of space dedicated to investigators using molecular biology approaches to biomedical problems. The University's transgenic animal facility, directed by Dr. Curt Sigmund, is housed in this building (see Section C.3). The Oakdale Campus also houses the State Hygienics laboratory, large and small animal housing facilities, and a research park where several companies have constructed laboratories and new or satellite headquarters. In 1984 The University of Iowa Technology Innovation Center (TIC) was established to foster the development of new business ventures that make use of advanced technology. The Center provides cost-effective office and lab space where collaborations between academic scientists and those in business can flourish. The Center also offers ready access to the University's computing facilities, research equipment and instruments, as well as advisory services on such crucial issues as management, marketing, and finance. Since its inception, the Center has attracted spin-off companies from research work at The University of Iowa, and new research and development units of domestic and foreign companies wishing to establish a branch research and development lab in the United States. The University encourages and welcomes interaction between its faculty members and corporate tenants at the Oakdale Research Park as a means of promoting both corporate and University research and the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the marketplace. At the University facility, industrial firms discover a flourishing multidisciplinary research environment and a tradition of corporate relationships.